The majority of people love playing guitar, especially the youth, so we find many young men and women competing to learn it and join its playing groups in schools or universities. From the old days, the guitar has been considered an exciting musical instrument, and everyone who plays it is regarded as a wonderful person. Aside from being one of the hobbies widely and widely spread around the world. Playing the guitar may be difficult in the beginning. Still, with continuous training, it becomes easy and usual. Today Newstalk team puts in your hands the best and easy way to learn and master your instrument from beginner to master.
The guitar is a well-known stringed musical instrument, it is a wooden box with special strings for making sounds. There are three types of guitar, each type differs from the other in the shape of the box and the type of strings, beginning with the acoustic guitar that comes with a wooden box and strings made of gut, nylon or even steel, through the electric guitar shipped in a kind box with nickel or steel strings, to the bass.
The modern acoustic guitar has three main types: the classical guitar (Spanish guitar/nylon-string guitar), the steel-string acoustic guitar, and the jazz guitar. Classical guitar is often performed solo using a great technique of fingerpicking where the player’s fingers pluck each string individually, instead of being ripped down. The expression “finger-picking” may also refer to a particular folk tradition, blues, bluegrass, and country guitar playing in the United States.
How to play guitar
learn the basics
- To get to know how your acoustic guitar works: its structure remains mainly made of wood and metal (or plastic sometimes). Your strings vibrate once touched and make a soft, beautiful sound, and the wooden structure works to create an echo that emits those beautiful notes that we hear.
- The Names of the Strings: The first to six strings of a guitar are numerated from thinnest to thickest. A letter name refers to each string. We will give you a clever solution to memorize the names of your strings.
- Correctly carrying your guitar: Before you start trying to play, you must make sure to carry the guitar correctly to be able to play comfortably and to make the sitting method convenient and enjoyable.
- Proper Right-Hand Technique:
Keep the pick between your thumb and your pointer. The pick with should form a 90-degree angle your thumb. The pick should be made below the thumb a 1/4 to 1/2 of an inch.
Bracing your hand gives it the stability to accurately switch between strings. Although many different ways of bracing exist, The most common way is to place your fifth finger on the soundboard just below the first string. Try to not press.
- Proper Left Hand Technique :
keep holding your thumb on the back of the neck of the guitar. Try not to put your thumb on the neck’s top With a little space between your palm and arm, your wrist should be a little low.
You should space your four fingers evenly. Notice how the middle finger and the ring one are on the fretboard straight. Your pointer and your fourth finger are curved slightly toward the frets.
- Tune it: it is not fun to practice with a guitar that is not tuned. The instrument will make different sounds and will have a clear cacophony. So before starting, the luthier must tune it in the shop before delivered to you in general. And If not, you can use this application to tune it at home. It is fun and easy to use, and through the frequent Practising, you won’t need it anymore, you will be able to find the adequates sounds of your six strings, using your finely trained musical ear. here’s a direct link to the app on Google Playstore: Guitar Tuna
- Try to move the tuning keys: which are the ones at the head of the guitar. They are attached to the strings so that they separate each note from the other.
- Use the capo: which is the small tool that is passed to the strings to make sounds.
- Getting to know the primary chords: which is a harmonious pack consisting of three notes, and for the beginners, your chords are divided into two groups: the primary chords and the secondary chords.
- Practising to get a clear sound: it is important to start getting clear tones and differentiating strings while playing.
- Watch tutorials: There are many “how to play” or “how to learn” online videos for beginners, what we advise here is to follow Marty Schwartz‘s lessons. It is about an energetic and professional guy, and his lessons are fun and very helpful for beginners. You will also find in Marty’s tutorials almost all the songs you want to learn. For example, and according to the hype, The Witcher Netflix series is the trend of the moment, Marty did a great tutorial about Jaskier’s song, “Toss A Coin To Your Witcher”.
- Going to musical institutes: There are many institutes specialised in teaching the playing of different musical instruments. So if you have some time, and you want to master your strings, it’s advisable to visit one of these schools and discover the atmosphere created by the teachers and the beginners there.
- Reading books: Some books contain methods for learning to play guitar, and they contain musical notes that a person can use in playing for the first time. Here’s a link for methodic Guitar for Beginners lessons.
Practising is the Only Way to Improve
- Getting used to the pain of fingers: playing guitar for a long time will cause finger pain, so for a guaranteed progression, the learner must either get used to the pain or find some solutions to relieve it.
- Continuous Practising: playing is like other hobbies. It takes many hours to master it well, so the person must specify an hour or two every day to practising and learning.
How to Read Music
Music is written on five lines and four spaces called STAFF.
STAFF is the music language, and just like English or French, it is read from left. The note can be on a line or space. letter names from A to G refer to each line.
Four main types of notes differ according to the length of play.
Silence is an essential part of the music, and the rests tell you when to be silent.
The Notes on the First String (E string)
A TIE blends two notes’ measured values and is characterised by a curved line between two same pitch notes. The first note will be played for both notes., and the second note is silent.
A DOT after a note shifts the note’s rhythmic value. DOTS attached to notes add one-half of the note value.
It takes two EIGHTH NOTES to make one beat. If you have two or plus eighth notes together, they will be linked in a beam.
The Notes on the Third String (G string)
The Notes on the Fourth String (D string)
The Notes on Fifth String (A string)
The Notes on Sixth String (E string)
Basic chords or open position chords, it’s about seven basic chords that can be played in the first frets of the guitar, with at least one open string. These are the first ones to start:
Basic Em Chord (E Minor)
Em is the first beginning guitar chord you should learn. It is one of the popular chords not only because it is simple or easy, but because it’s very used in several songs. The small m after the E means minor.
Basic C Chord (C Major)
The 2nd one is C or C major. You don’t have to say “major” in the name of the chord, it’s supposed to be the major chord if you just say C. Only hit the top five strings The X on the chord indicates that this string is not played (or to mute it).
Basic G Chord (G Major)
The black one might look harder at first only because you are using your weakest finger, which is the 4th one. But that fingering makes the smoothest transition with C, which happens several times in different songs.
Basic D Chord (D Major)
The biggest problem encountered with this basic guitar chord is getting the first string to play. Make sure the first string does not touch your third finger, get right on the tip of it.
Basic Am Chord (Am Minor)
An A minor chord looks somehow like the C chord, to switch from C to Am you only have to raise your third finger and to move it to the 3rd string, 2nd fret, You will scooter a little back your 2nd finger in the fret to make room for your 3rd finger.
Basic E Chord (E Major)
The E major chord is the A minor chord moved to the 5th, 4th and 3rd strings. Also, the basic Em chord is The basic E chord, just add your first finger on the 3rd string and the first fret.
Basic A Chord (A Major)
For a basic A chord, there are two different fingerings. Each one has its specific situations in which it’ll be used. The first chord A uses three fingers on the second fret. If you have thick fingers, this can be a bit difficult.
Chord Formulas and Abbreviations
You can find the notes to any chord using the corresponding formulas and the major chord key scale. You can build a chord on the major scale and the right formula. Example: If the chord is “Cm7”, the formula is 1-b3-5-b7, and the key is “C”. So, when the right tones are plugged in, the notes for a “Cm7” are C-Eb-G-Bb.
Now you need to launch a practise routine to learn to play the guitar. This article would help a lot for those who prefer self-learning because that requires having a guide with steps to move forward.
– First Week: Learn basic chords
– Second: Learn rhythmic patterns
– Third Week: Learn simple songs
– Fourth Week: Start reading tablatures